Insomnia – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Insomnia

What is insomnia? Insomnia is a term that you may have heard very often. The meaning of insomnia is a sleep disorder where people have difficulty sleeping , difficulty starting to sleep, or difficulty maintaining sleep.

The meaning of insomnia is a sleep disorder that affects millions of people around the world. Usually people with symptoms of insomnia find it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep. The effects of these symptoms of insomnia can be very damaging.

Insomnia causes effects that lead to daytime drowsiness, lethargy, and unhealthy feelings, both mentally and physically. In addition, people who practice insomnia also usually experience changes in mood, the nature of anger, and anxiety are common symptoms associated.

Insomnia is a condition of sleep disorders also associated with a higher risk of developing chronic diseases. According to the National Sleep Foundation , 30-40 percent of American adults report insomnia in the past 12 months, and 10-15 percent of adults claim to have chronic insomnia.

Type of Insomnia

After you know what is insomnia and the characteristics of insomnia, you also need to know the type of insomnia. There are 2 types of insomnia: Primary and secondary

  • Primary insomnia : When people suffer from sleep problems that are not directly related to any health condition.
  • Secondary insomnia : When people suffer from sleep problems due to other health problems, including asthma , depression, arthritis, cancer, stomach acid, pain, ongoing treatment, or alcohol use. So, the cause of secondary insomnia is more to the side effects of other health problems.

Acute and Chronic Insomnia

Insomnia also varies depending on how long insomnia occurs and whether it often occurs. Insomnia can be divided into short-term insomnia (acute insomnia) or has occurred for some time (chronic insomnia). Insomnia is said to be chronic when people have insomnia for at least 3 nights a week or for a month or more.

Causes of Insomnia

Causes of acute insomnia include:

  • Significant life pressure, such as losing something valuable, divorce, and moving house
  • Disease can also be a cause of insomnia
  • Physical or emotional discomfort
  • Environmental factors such as noise, temperature or excessive light that affect sleep
  • Treatment, such as people who are in the treatment of flu, allergies, depression, high blood pressure, and asthma
  • Changes in sleep patterns.

Conic insomnia causes include:

  • Depression or anxiety
  • Prolonged stress
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Problems with concentration or memory.

Insomnia symptoms

The symptoms of insomnia itself are symptoms of underlying medical conditions. However, there are many characteristics of insomnia or insomnia symptoms that you need to know, such as:

  • Difficulty sleeping at night
  • Wake up at night
  • Wake up earlier than desired
  • Still feeling tired after a night’s sleep
  • Fatigue or drowsiness during the day
  • Irritability, depression, or anxiety
  • Poor concentration and focus
  • Headache
  • Difficulty socializing
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms
  • Worry about sleeping.

Sleep deprivation causes other symptoms. Patients with insomnia can wake up not feeling fully awake and refreshed, and may have a sensation of fatigue and drowsiness throughout the day.

Having problems concentrating and focusing on tasks is common for insomnia sufferers. According to the National Heart , Lung and Blood Institute , 20 percent of non-alcoholic car accidents are caused by driver drowsiness.

Diagnosis of Insomnia

Insomnia means sleep disturbance or protracted sleeplessness. If you think you have insomnia, consult a doctor, then you will evaluate your medical history, sleep history, and physical examination. Your doctor will also advise you to have “sleep” for a week or 2 weeks, to find out your sleep patterns and what you feel throughout the day. The doctor will also ask your sleeping partner, wife or husband, about the quality and quantity of your sleep.

How to deal with insomnia?

Maybe you can’t wait to find out how to deal with insomnia. Some types of insomnia disappear when the underlying cause is treated or lost. Usually, treatment as a way to deal with insomnia focuses on determining the cause. Once identified, these underlying causes can be treated or corrected correctly.

In addition to treating the underlying causes of insomnia, both medical and non-pharmacological (behavioral) treatments can be used as therapy.

Non-pharmacological approaches include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in one-on-one counseling sessions or group therapy.

Medical care as a way to deal with insomnia includes:

  • Prescription sleeping pills
  • Anti-depressant
  • Sleep aids
  • Antihistamines
  • Melatonin
  • Ramelteon

Home Remedies – How to Get Rid of Insomnia

How to eliminate insomnia at home include:

  • Fixing ” sleep hygiene : Not getting too much sleep or too little, exercising every day, not forcing sleep, maintaining a regular sleep schedule, avoiding caffeine at night, avoiding smoking, avoiding sleep when hungry, and ensuring a comfortable sleeping environment.
  • Using relaxation techniques : This is a way to eliminate insomnia that is very effective. Examples include meditation and muscle relaxation.
    Stimulation control therapy – just sleep immediately when sleepy. Avoid watching TV, reading, eating, or worry in bed. Set an alarm for the same time every morning (even weekends) and avoid long naps.
  • Sleep restriction: Reducing time spent in bed and reducing part of sleep can increase fatigue, be ready for the next night.

Insomnia therapy

You already know how to get rid of insomnia. However, what if you suffer from acute insomnia?

Acute insomnia usually does not require sleep. Insomnia that has not been severe can be prevented or treated by trying to practice good sleep patterns. If insomnia makes it difficult for you to do daily activities because it makes your daily life become tired and sleepy, doctors will prescribe sleeping pills for a limited time. Treatment of rapid onset, short term, will help you prevent side effects such as fatigue the next day.

Therapy for chronic insomnia includes the first treatment of the underlying condition or health problems that cause insomnia. If insomnia continues, the doctor will suggest behavioral therapy in the form of an approach to help change things that worsen insomnia and learn new habits to facilitate sleep. Techniques such as relaxation exercises, limiting naps, will be beneficial.